What are downhill mountain bikes?

Big forks, big tyres, big travel, big bikes. Downhill mountain bikes are very specific machines built for launching down steep gnarly tracks as fast as possible. Here's your guide to essentials.As the name suggests Downhill bikes are bothered about one thing and one thing only – getting down a hillside as fast as possible.

Downhill bikes are full suspension designs with as much travel as possible. We’re talking 180mm or more of suspension.

downhill riding

They’re also designed to be as stiff and strong as possible. They need to be stiff and strong enough to withstand the use that Downhill riders intend to put them through.

Downhill bikes also need to be stronger and stiffer than that so they can survive being pushed beyond those intentions. When Downhillers are off-line or all-out crashing the bike needs to be able to deal with it.


As much as possible please! 180mm-200mm is the common amount. Air sprung units can be found but they are the exception rather than the rule. Coil sprung units are the preferred choice. As well as being cheaper they’re more reliable and offer a performance feel that air springs find hard to match for Downhill. The extra weight of coil springs isn’t quite as important in Downhill.

Forks are triple-clamp designs with oversize stanchions and 20mm bolt-thru axles. Maximum stiffness and strength.

Suspension designs will vary greatly from manufacturer to manufacturer. Each brand has their own bespoke design and each design will work a bit differently. Some will bias bump absorption, some will focus on durability, others will prioritise rider responsiveness. The differences won’t be huge but Downhillers are concerned finding the perfect bike for their particular desires.

The suspension on more expensive Downhill bikes will offer a high degree of adjustability too (damping feel, amount of travel), so that riders can tweak the bike’s handling for different sorts of tracks and conditions.

Frame material

There’s currently not very many carbon Downhill bikes out there. Saving weight isn’t as much of a priority for Downhillers as it is with other mountain bikers. And there’s still some concern about how carbon deals with crashes and impacts – both of which are part and parcel of every Downhiller’s life.
Carbon bikes are pretty much the preserve of professional racers who value every gram of weight saved. They also change bikes every year too so are less concerned with durability!

Wheel size

Small wheels rule the roost. We’re beginning to see some 27.5in wheel Downhill bikes appearing but as of right now 26in is where it’s at.

Geometry and componentry

One factor absent from the design of all Downhill bikes is climbing. It is simply irrelevant. Downhill bikes have seat angles and seat tube heights that make seated riding for any amount of time highly inefficient if not impossible. This doesn’t mean that pedalling is ignored too. Far from it in fact. Downhillers want speed and they appreciate that pedalling – as well as gravity – is required to achieve it.

Downhill bikes are extremely slack, extremely low and extremely long. They don’t really make sense in the car park but point them down a steep track and they’ll get down pretty much anything.

The finishing kit will be stiff and super strong. The brakes will be incredibly powerful. The gearing will be single-ring specific and often with a compact (road bike style) cassette on the rear offering not much in the way of easy-pedalling gears. The tyres will be big, chunky and made of sticky compound rubber for amazing grip.

Why spend more?

Bikes get lighter as the price tag increases and although this is never a bad thing, it’s not something that’s of utmost importance to Downhill riders.

Performance and durability are the two important things that improve as your budget increases. Gears get slicker, brakes get more powerful, suspension becomes more tuneable, pivots last longer, frames don’t crack as often, wheels stay truer for longer.

Browse our current stock range of mountain bikes here.


  • Benji Haworth

    Benji has been around the cycling industry for over ten years now. He started in ad sales for magazines before jumping the fence over into editorial. He writes words and takes pics about pushbikes, both for his day job and in his spare time too. Bike addict. Benji’s interested in all kinds of cycling but has a particular obsession with mountain biking

One comment to “What are downhill mountain bikes?”
  1. Pingback: Buyers Guide to Mountain Bikes | Merlin Cycles Blog

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