Bike helmets can get a little overlooked compared to bikes and clothing. They are often taken for granted and not really given a second thought, until that one time they are needed – that’s when they could decide how well you fare in a crash. So what do you look for in a bike helmet?

What makes MTB Helmets Different?

Where road helmets are largely designed around impact from the front, MTB helmets tend to offer extra protection all-around the rider’s head. Increased protection for the occipital and temporal regions of the head is a feature of all MTB helmets. MTB helmets are designed for all types of riding from Cross Country focused helmets which are more similar to road helmets, to full-face / convertible helmets for more aggressive trail / endure / downhill use, these look more substantial and also offer protection to the lower jaw, like motorbike helmets. This extra protection can be removed on convertible helmets for less demanding trails.

Standards

Helmets have a sticker which says that they have passed testing for the country in which they are sold. Helmets sold in the UK carry the BS EN 1078 / 80 sticker, this shows that they have met the British Standard (BS) testing criteria standard. Legalities In some countries wearing a helmet is required by law when riding a bicycle. In the UK helmets are not legally required to be worn, however most riders choose to use a helmet.

How do they Work?

A helmet’s primary focus is to prevent head injury in the event of a crash. To do this the helmet must absorb impact energy, a way of distributing load away from the impact and a retention system to ensure the helmet stays in place. To absorb and distribute the energy from the crash impact, helmets are made from polystyrene foam which can easily compress on impact and distribute the force through the helmet. As the impact is absorbed, the polystyrene may well crack and distort, this is where the outer shell comes in, the shell holders the shape of the polystyrene together.

Fit

Achieving the right fit is essential for wearing a helmet. All head shapes and sizes are not the same, we need to take this into account when choosing a helmet. Sizing Brands often have small medium and large sizing, however! Just as with clothing and bikes, not all smalls are the same across all manufacturers. To get a good helmet fit, first measure the circumference of your head, 2cm above your eyebrows. With a good helmet fit, the helmet should remain in place on your head if you were upside-down without the chinstrap in place.

Retention System

The retention system is usually a click buckle under your chin, when the helmet is in place. With the helmet adjusted to fit properly, you should be able to fit two fingers between then strap and your chin. The retention straps should form a ‘V’ shape around your ears.

Tightening Mechanism

Most helmet brands use a ratchet system which tightens the inner shell / cradle around your head – many use a turning dial to adjust. It is important to make sure the shell shape fits your head and you are not solely relying on the retention mechanism.

Other Considerations

If you have long hair look for a helmet which works alongside your flowing locks. Some helmets are designed for riders with long hair, they are often termed ‘Pony Tail Friendly’.

Make sure your new helmet fits with your favorite glasses.

Make sure that you can live with the helmet color for the long term.

Technology

Some helmets feature MIPS (Multi Direction Impact Protection System), this was developed to reduce the rotational forces and the amount of energy transferred in an accident. A low friction liner inside the helmet allows movement in the event of a crash impact.

Replace?

If you have an accident, you should replace your helmet. However, what if you are super careful and lucky enough not to have an accident? It is recommended that if your helmet is color faded through age or if the strap is looking frayed and worn, it is probably a good time to replace. The foam in helmets will degrade over time, however this is hard to test and see for yourself. When you bear in mind that your helmet could save your life, it is the most vital bit of kit you will buy.